Shutter Speed: Every Second Counts

I’ve tackled Aperture, and ISO. Today we’re moving onto Shutter Speed. What is it? Shutter Speed is the amount of time the shutter on your camera is open when you press the shutter release (the button that takes the photograph).

When I’m on a shoot, one of the first things I do is decide how I want the end result to look. For example, if I’m photographing a waterfall, I’ll need to decide if I want the water to be in focus (so you can see individual drops of water), or if I want to create the illusion of movement (blurring the water so it appears to be moving). In order to do that, I need to set the speed on my shutter accordingly. The speed settings are in seconds, and range from fast (like 1/500, as in 500th of a second), to slow (like 10, as in ten seconds). If you choose a fast shutter speed, the shutter won’t be open for very long, and you’ll freeze movement. If you choose a slow shutter speed, the shutter will be open for a much longer length of time (keep in mind, you’ll need a tripod for this), and you’ll be able to blur movement. Most cameras (always consult your manual for your specific camera) have a maximum shutter speed of 30. While keeping the shutter open for 30 seconds is a long time, you may also have an additional setting called “Bulb” or “B”. If selected, the shutter on your camera will stay open for as long as the shutter release is held down.

Look for my next post where I’ll tell you how Aperture, ISO, and Shutter Speed work together when you’re in Manual Mode.

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

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ISO: In Search Of The Meaning

In my last post I addressed Aperture, the first of three main settings on your camera. Today we’re looking at ISO, or International Standards Organization. ISO is the standard for which light is measured. I know, nice and vague!

The ISO setting controls the sensitivity of available light your camera will register. The lower the number (say, 200) translates into less light sensitivity (or a darker image). The higher the number (say 1600) translates into more light sensitivity (or a brighter image). However, when you raise the ISO you also increase the noise (the grainy appearance some images have). ISO is typically the last of the three settings you will adjust. Depending on what you’re photographing, you will either set your Aperture or Shutter Speed first, the other of those two second, and ISO last. Generally, if you’re outside on a sunny day you don’t need more light added to the image. An ISO setting of 100 or 200 should be fine. However, if you’re inside without an abundance of light you may need to raise your ISO to 800 or 1600. Remember, when you raise your ISO two things happen: more light, and more noise. It’s best to only raise your ISO when you can’t achieve the desired image without adjusting your Aperture and Shutter Speed.

In my next post I’ll address Shutter Speed, which is the last of the three main settings to understand when you’re ready to move into manual mode.

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

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Aperture and Anatomy

I know, you’re probably wondering what anatomy could possibly have in common with Aperture. Before I open your eyes to another aspect of photography, there are three settings on your camera you need to have a working knowledge of when you decide to move out of manual mode. Aperture, ISO, and Shutter Speed. Not only do you need to understand what each of these are, you also need to understand how they work together. Today, it’s all about Aperture.

What is it exactly? Aperture is defined as being the opening in your lens which admits light to your camera’s sensor. Think of the aperture as the pupil of your eye. When you’re in a bright, well-lit area your pupils are small. There’s enough light around you, and you’re able to see without any issues. Now, when you walk into a dark room your pupils will expand. This is so your pupils can admit more light, allowing you to see as much as possible. Your camera works in a similar fashion, and utilizes measurements know as f-stop’s. The lower the f-stop, the wider the aperture, and ultimately more light will reach the sensor. The higher the f-stop, the smaller the opening, and ultimately less light will reach the sensor. However, the maximum aperture (measured as the lowest f-stop number) is ultimately decided by your camera’s lens. You should see a range on your lens (say, f/3.5 – f/5.6), but you may only see one number listed. This number will tell you the lowest f-stop you can set your camera to while using that lens.

Aperture has a second function: depth of field. A low f-stop (more light) also focuses the lens on a subject within your image. A high f-stop (less light) allows everything in the image to be clear. Here are two examples. First: You’re at an indoor event and you take a photo of someone. You set the aperture to the lowest f-stop you can (say, f/3.5), thus allowing more light in while focusing on your subject, and blurring the people in the background. Second: You’re outside and have an incredible view of the mountains on a sunny day. You set your aperture to the highest f-stop you can (say, f/22), knowing the surrounding is bright, and you will be able to have a clear image of the everything.

Confused? Don’t be, all you need is practice. Remember: a low f-stop means a brighter image while focusing on something specific in your image, a high f-stop means a darker image while the entire image is in focus. Now, grab your camera and try it out!

Watch for my next post where I’ll tackle ISO. Oh yes, there’s even more to know about light!

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

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A Mode For Every Mood

This post will give you a brief overview of the different mode settings on your camera. There are four basic camera mode settings, though your specific camera may have a few more (each manufacturer, and model per manufacturer, can vary slightly). You will need to consult your cameras’ user manual to find the location of where to change the mode, and the exact abbreviation for the modes. Here are the most common modes, what they mean, and when to use them.

Programmed Automatic Mode; also called “Auto Mode”, and typically signified by a “P” on your camera (this shouldn’t be confused by the “A” setting, which I will address below). This is what your camera is usually set on when you first take it out of the box. Make no mistake, your camera will perform wonderfully in this setting. In this mode your camera will make every adjustment for you. For the occasional photographer, this is the way to go.

Aperture Priority Mode; this is typically signified by an “A” on your camera. Aperture Priority, and Shutter Priority (the mode outlined below), are also referred to as semi-automatic modes. In this mode you control the aperture while leaving the camera to make the other adjustments. This is a good mode to use while photographing moving subjects as you don’t need to adjust for the speed of your subject. Think sporting events, festivals, etc. This mode, and the one below, are great when venturing out of auto mode.

Shutter Priority Mode; this is typically signified by an “S” on your camera. This is the other semi-automatic mode. Unlike shooting in Aperture Priority Mode, in Shutter Priority Mode you control the speed of the shutter while letting your camera make the other adjustments. This is a good mode to choose when your subject has little to no movement. Think architectural shots, nature, etc. As stated above, this mode is good when you want to move away from auto mode.

Manual Mode; this is typically signified by an “M” on your camera. Shooting in this mode allows you full control over all aspects of your camera. In addition to understanding all the settings on your camera, a working knowledge of three elements (Aperture, ISO, and Shutter Speed) relate to one another is key when shooting in this mode. I’ll address how these three aspects relate to one another at a later date.

Hopefully that gives you a basic understanding of what each mode on your camera signifies. Look for my next post where I’ll talk about Aperture.

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

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These Shoes Weren’t Made For Walkin’

A basic understanding of your camera can be useful, especially if you’ve ever considered venturing out of automatic mode. Every month I’ll share a tip, or (as in this case) tell you what that thing on your camera is. More importantly, I’ll explain how, when, and why it’s used.

While working in the camera department of a big box electronics store, my sister was asked a question by a customer. Ever helpful, she was quick with an answer. The customer in question, looking to buy a higher end camera, asked her what a hot shoe was. Without blinking, my sister began to explain it was an internal fan which aided in keeping the internal workings of the camera at an optimal operating temperature. Impressed with her knowledge, the customer bought the camera. Later, when she called to ask me what a hot shoe was (and to recount what she said), I couldn’t help but laugh. Nope, not even close.

Today we’re talking shoes. There are two types of shoes, a hot shoe and a cold shoe. Simply put, a shoe is a type of connection. A hot shoe means the connection is live (sending and receiving information between your camera and what you’ve attached to it via the hot shoe), whereas a cold shoe is akin to an accessory mount (meaning what you’ve attached to the cold shoe isn’t communicating through the cold shoe). Despite what my sister told that poor customer, the hot shoe isn’t inside your camera. If it has one, and mind you not all cameras do, it’s on the top of your camera (look for two parallel brackets in which something can slide into). One of the most common ways a hot shoe is used is by connecting an external flash to your camera. Once you connect an external flash to your camera, and turn both on, the flash will fire when you take a photo. Great if you need more light directed at your subject. Now, if you need light in an area that can’t be reached if your flash is directly connected to your camera, you can attach it to a cold shoe and place the flash where you need more light (keep in mind you will need to fire the flash remotely, which I will address at a later time).  With that, I hope you have a basic understanding of what hot and cold shoes are!

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

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New Year: New Lens

Welcome!

As the new year gets underway, I’m reminded of how quickly everything changes; seasons change, careers change, and even homes change. As both a Landscape Photographer and a Real Estate Photographer, I see things through a different lens than most. What some see as a dying tree which has lost its leaves to fall and branches to winter storms, I see an opportunity for a unique photo capturing change over time. What others see as a hassle of selling a home, I see as an opportunity to show the world beauty through photographs and introduce a family their new home. In this new year, I challenge you to look at the world through a new lens, the lens of Plumb Pixel Photography. Whether you want to commission a photograph of your favorite view or dazzle buyers with pictures of your home, Plumb Pixel Photography can meet all your Landscape and Real Estate Photography needs.

Terri Johnson, Owner, Plumb Pixel Photography
The Right Angle Matters

 

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